- What is a Ladder Stitch?
- Ladder Stitch (Invisible Stitch): What is it Used for?
- What do I need to Sew a Ladder Stitch?
- Perfect Ladder Stitch Success Tips
- How to Do a Ladder Stitch (Invisible Stitch)
- One Final Tip for Sewing the Ladder Stitch (Invisible Stitch)
- How to Finish off the Ladder Stitch (Invisible Stitch)
What is a Ladder Stitch?
A Ladder Stitch (in sewing) is also known as an Invisible stitch, Hidden Stitch, Blind Stitch, and Slip Stitch. It is a type of hand stitch where you sew on the right side of the fabric so the stitch is basically invisible.Hence the names Invisible Stitch, Hidden Stitch, and Blind Stitch. (Remember that you normally sew on the wrong side of the fabric and turn the fabric to the right side so the stitch and seams are hidden on the inside.)
On the other hand, the name Ladder Stitch is also used because the stitch resembles a ladder shape when you run the stitches in and out of the fabric pieces that are joined together.
In a nutshell, the Ladder stitch mimics the stitches usually done on the wrong side of the fabric, except you are doing it from the right side of the fabric.
Ladder Stitch (Invisible Stitch): What is it Used for?
The Ladder Stitch (Invisible Stitch) is a versatile stitch used to close a seam by hand from the outside. Common uses include:
MENDING AND REPAIRS
Have a hole in your favorite jeans or shirt? A ripped seam on the lining of a tailored suit? A child’s beloved stuffed toy has a hole? Use the Ladder stitch to easily mend these common problems. Even if you only sew out of necessity, there are SO MANY uses for this stitch that it is definitely a MUST-KNOW for your sewing repertoire.
Use the Ladder stitch to close the hole of stuffed plush toys so it is invisible from the outside.
For more information about how to sew Plush Toys, check out A (Easy!) Guide to Making Your Own Custom Plush | Free Pattern
The Ladder Stitch is also perfect for finishing off a pillow or cushion.
The Ladder Stitch is often used to close linings in bags or clothing.
Whenever you use a bias binding to finish the edge of a project (i.e, edge of baby blanket, neckline or armhole), you can use the Ladder Stitch to finish attaching the binding. This will give your project a beautiful, couture finish.
You can use the Ladder Stitch to hand sew an applique to any project.
What do I need to Sew a Ladder Stitch?
- Scissors (I like these embroidery scissors)
- Sharp, Thin Needle
- Matching Thread
Perfect Ladder Stitch Success Tips:
- Before you start, press the edge of the seam so that it’s sharp and crisp. You can do this with an iron or by pinching the edge of the seam tightly with your nails. Having a crisp edge makes it easier to do a perfect ladder stitch as you will be running your needle and thread through this edge over and over.
- Use a sharp, thin needle – Sharp needles will poke through the fabric easily. A thin needle is so the needle doesn’t leave large, unsightly holes in the fabric. Remember, the goal of the ladder stitch is invisibility. Shhh…you don’t want anyone to know that you’ve actually hand-sewed that part of the fabric.
- Use good quality thread that is durable. It’s no fun when the thread breaks while you are sewing. Or, the mending comes apart because the thread snapped and came out! Also, make sure the thread is not thicker than your fabric because otherwise the threads will show. Regular all purpose thread is sufficient for most projects.
- Choose thread color that matches. When it isn’t possible to find an exact match, use the closest color that is slightly darker than the fabric. If your fabric is multicolored, choose the most prevalent color on the fabric.
- Make small, evenly spaced stitches. The closer your stitches are, the more invisible they will be. Aim for 1/4″ or less between the stitches if you are sewing thin fabric. For thicker fabric your stitches may be closer to 1/2″ apart.
- Focus on thread tension. The thread should be tight enough to close the gap between the two piece of fabric. However, if you pull the stitches too tight, the fabric will bunch together and you won’t get a nice seam.
Make sure the thread you use isn’t thicker than the fabric. Right side shows white embroidery floss which is too thick. Left side shows double threaded all purpose thread which is perfect for Ladder Stitch.
Make even, small stitches (no more than 1/4″ wide) when doing the ladder stitch so it will look invisible.
Don’t pull your thread too tight or else your seams will pucker .
How to Do a Ladder Stitch (Invisible Stitch):
Start by threading a thin, sharp needle with matching thread. In the photo tutorial I am using red thread on yellow fabric so you can see better.
You can either use a single or double thread. I prefer double threading my needle so the thread doesn’t come out during sewing. Make a knot at the end of the thread
Starting the Ladder Stitch:
Start with the hole you need to close.
Poke needle through the edge of the seam allowance, about 1/8 – 1/4″ from the end of the opening (where the seams are turned in). Sew from RIGHT side of the opening to the LEFT side of the opening (for right handed people).
Sewing the Stitches:
Pull the thread through so it stops at the knot (1). Then take the thread to the other side of the fabric and poke the needle about 1/4″ through the edge of seam allowance (2) and (3).
Pull thread through.
Now take the needle and poke it through the first side of the fabric (where you started the stitch). (4) and (5). Keep the stitches about 1/4″ apart.
Pull thread through.
Repeat the process.
Pull and Close Stitches:
See how the stitch resembles a ladder, hence the name “Ladder Stitch“. Now pull the thread to close the opening.
There! See how invisible that looks? If you used matching thread it would look even better.
One Final Tip for Sewing the Ladder Stitch (Invisible Stitch)
When sewing the ladder stitch, it’s easier if you hold the two sides of the opening very close together as you stitch the seams closed. First, this helps you visualize how the opening should look once it’s closed. Secondly, it helps you to know where to poke the needle as you stitch from one side of the fabric to the other.
The photos below show how to do the ladder stitch with the seams of the opening very close together:
How to Finish off the Ladder Stitch (Invisible Stitch):
Once you’ve closed the entire seam, it’s time to finish off the ladder stitch.
Poke the needle back through the fabric from (pretty much) where the last stitch came out.
Take the thread and loop it around the needle once.
Then loop it around the needle again.
Pull needle through the two loops.
Tighten the thread and you have your knot.
Poke the needle back through the fabric right next to the knot
Poke out the needle from the fabric a little distance away (1-2″) from the knot.
Now snip off the excess thread and you are finished!
- Sharp, Thin Needle
- Matching Thread
- Start with the hole you need to close.
- Poke needle through the edge of the seam allowance, about 1/8 - 1/4" from the end of the opening.*
- Pull the thread through so it stops at the knot.
- Take the thread to the other side of the fabric and poke the needle about 1/4" through the edge of seam allowance.
- Pull thread through.
- Now take the needle and poke it through the first side of the fabric (where you started the stitch). Keep the stitches about 1/4" apart.
- Pull thread through.
- Repeat the process until you have created 2-3 "rungs of the ladder". Then, gently pull the thread to close the opening**.
- Once you've closed off the entire hole, tie a knot at the end and you are done!
*Sew from RIGHT side of the opening to the LEFT side of the opening (for right handed people).
** The thread should be tight enough to close the gap between the two piece of fabric. However, if you pull the stitches too tight, the fabric will bunch together and you won't get a nice seam.
Ready to put to use what you just learned? Try these projects finished off with the ladder stitch.
Other Basic Sewing Skills You May be Interested in.
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